The Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) has emerged as one of the main national political parties of India under the stewardship of its National President Kumari Mayawati Ji, Member of Uttar Pradesh Legislative Council and fourth-time Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, which is the most populous state of the country having a population of about 170 million. Kumari or Miss Mayawati Ji, a serene figure, is affectionately known and called as Bahenji or Sister by one and all her workers, supporters, well-wishers as well as officials.
So far as the strength in the India's parliament is concerned, it had a total number of 19 members in the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Indian Parliament while it has a total of six MPs in the Rajya Sabha. But so far as the percentage of votes goes, it is just on the verge of jumping to No. 3 position after the ruling Congress and the main opposition Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), relegating Communist Party of India (Marxist) or CPI-M to No. 4 position as per the official votes percentage released by the Election Commission of India after February-March 2004 general Lok Sabha elections. The BSP has received over 1 crore 31 lakh (13.1million) votes in that election in Uttar Pradesh itself, out of a total of 2.07 crores (207,65,229-----5.33 per cent) it had received in the 25 States/Union Territories its had contested. The total votes were a little less than the CPI-M, which is facing stagnation so far as the number of votes is concerned at the national level.
Apart from this electoral success, the most significant point is that the BSP is fast emerging as a political party with a difference. The Party president Kumari Mayawati Ji, identified as Iron lady and a no-nonsense leader has emerged as a lady of new hope and aspirations to varied and a wide section of the society, particularly in the state of Uttar Pradesh, bordering national capital of New Delhi, which most often guides the political destiny of the country.
Committed and fully devoted to the missionary cause and cherished goal of "Social Transformation & Economic Emancipation" particularly to the people belonging to "Bahujan Samaj" (that comprises Backwards (Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other backward classes) and Sikhs, Muslims, Christians, Buddhists, Parsis of religious minorities) and poor from other sections of the society mainly the high caste people, Kumari Mayawati Ji, a spinster by mission, is regarded in the Indian politics with respect, reverence and awe as she is the only politician in the India having a mass appeal and firm hold and command over her voters and also the charishma to get mass vote bank transferred to any individual and to any party, a rare thing, of course, in the contemporary Indian politics.
Given the charishma of the BSP supremo, the two main political parties----the Congress and the BJP----are always looking keen to have an electoral alliance/understanding with it either at the national level or at least at the state level, but the march of "Elephant ", the election symbol of the Party is on and the "Blue" flag of the BSP is flying high under the strong and towering leadership of Kumari Mayawati Ji, who is working assiduously with a missionary zeal to make them ruler of India to usher in here the golden era of Ashoka, the Great.THE PUBLIC OFFICES HELD BY KUMARI MAYAWATI:
|1.||MP (LS)||First Term (Bijnor)||02-12-1989||13-03-1991||Lok Sabha Dissolved|
|2.||MP (RS)||First Term||03-04-1994||25-10-1996||Resigned MP Seat during CM tenure on 25-10-1996|
||03-06-1995||18-10-1995||During MP (RS) tenure|
|Oct. 96||10-03-1998||Resigned MP Seat during CM tenure on 25-10-1996|
| First Term
|22-10-1996||25-10-1996||Resigned Bilsi Seat|
Resigned as CM on 20-09-97 after completing 6 months rotational arrangements
|6.||MP (LS)|| Second Term
Lok Sabha Dissolved
|7.||MP (LS)|| Third Term (Akbarpur)
Resigned to retain Harora Assembly seat
Resigned as MLA from Harora on 28-08-03 after resigning as CM on 26-08-03
Resigned Jahangir Ganj to retain Harora seat
|9.||CM|| Third Term
Resigned as CM
|10.||MP (LS)|| Fourth Term (Akbarpur)
|11.||MP (RS)|| Second Term
|12.||CM|| Fourth Term
|13.||MLC (UP)|| First Term
To serve the country's real natives-- Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes (OBCs) and religious minorities-and encourage activities for their overall development.
Special Inclination : Educate and organise the poor, oppressed and impoverished sections of the society to fight for their legal and constitutional rights.
Life's Aim : To remain engaged in the fight for "social transformation and economic liberation" of the Bahujan Samaj" so that about 85 per cent people of India's more than a hundred crore population, representing the "Bahujan Samaj", could be brought in the national mainstream. Poor of other sections of the society are also to be educationally and economically uplifted,
Other Information : As a teacher (government employee), remained associated with BAMCEF-The All India Backward (Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Castes) and Minority Communities Employees Federation since 1977. Entered politics through the Bahujan Samaj Party, set up on 14 April, 1984. At present, National President of the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP).POLITICAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE EXPERIENCE:
November 1989 : Both she and the party, the BSP made debut in Parliament. Won Bijnore (reserved) Lok Sabha seat in Uttar Pradesh in the Ninth General Elections of 1989.
April 1994 : Elected to the Rajya Sabha from Uttar Pradesh, signaling her debut, as also of the party, in the Upper House of Indian Parliament
June 1995 : In 1995, Ms. Mayawati created history be becoming Indian's first Dalit woman chief minister, heading first Bahujan Samaj Party (Majority People's Party) government in India's most-populated state of Uttar Pradesh.
Became Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, the largest state of India in terms of population 4-times:
1. 1995 : 3 June, 1995 to 18 October, 1995
2. 1997 : 21 March, 1997 to 20 September, 1997
3. 2002 : 3 May, 2002 to 26 August, 2003
4. 2007 : 13 May, 2007 till date
1996-98 : Elected as a legislator. Elected from the two different constituencies of Uttar Pradesh-Harora (reserved) in Saharanpur district and Bilsi (reserved) in Budaun district. Represented the constituency of Harora in the state assembly, resigning from Bilsi seat as per the law.
21 March, 1997 : Became Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh for the second time.
February 1998 : Elected for the second time in the 12th Lok Sabha elections from Uttar Pradesh's Akbarpur (reserved) parliamentary constituency in Ambedkar Nagar district.
February 1999 : Elected for the third time in the 13th Lok Sabha elections from Akbarpur (reserved) constituency.
14 April, 1999 : Senior journalist Mohammad Jamil Akhter's book, entitled "Iron Lady Kumari Mayawati", was released by Mr. Kanshi Ram Ji at a grand function in New Delhi on the occasion of Dr. Ambedkar's birth anniversary.
3 June, 2000 : Release of her own book book, "Bahujan Samaj Aur Uski Rajniti" (Bahujan Samaj and its Politics) by Mr. Kanshi Ram Ji at a function in New Delhi's Talkatora stadium on the occasion of the fifth anniversary of the first 'Bahujan Samaj' government in Uttar Pradesh.
15 December, 2001 : BSP architect and founder, Manyawar Shri Kanshi Ram Ji, declared her as the sole heir and political successor of him and the "Bahujan Movement" at a grand rally in the Lakshman Mela ground on the bank of river Gomti in the Uttar Pradesh capital Lucknow.
February 2002 : Re-elected as a legislator in the Uttar Pradesh assembly elections. Was declared a winner from the two constituencies-Harora (reserved) in Saharanpur district and Jahangirganj (reserved) in Ambedkar Nagar District. Represented Harora seat and resigned from Jahangirganj seat.
March 2002 : Resigned from Akbarpur (reserved) Lok Sabha seat.
3 May, 2002 : Became Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh for the third time.
18 September, 2003 : Assumed the office of Bahujan Samaj Party's National President after Mr. Kanshi Ram Ji suddenly fell seriously ill following a brain stroke.
April-May, 2004 : Elected for the fourth time in the 14th Lok Sabha elections from Akbarpur (reserved) seat in Uttar Pradesh.
July 2004 : After resigning from the Lok Sabha, elected for the second time as a member of the Rajya Sabha for a six-year term from Uttar Pradesh.
27 August, 2006 : Re-elected as National President of the Bahujan Samaj Party unanimously in an All India Delegate Conference held at Lucknow.
13 May, 2007 : Was administered oath for the office of the Chief Minister, Uttar Pradesh fourth time after her party registered a comfortable majority win in the general elections for the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly, trouncing Samajwadi party, BJP and the Congress. 3 July, 2007 : Joined as member of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Council after elected unopposed in the by-election for the upper house of the state legislature. Declared that she chose to become MLC as she wish to concentrate on the development of all the 403 assembly constituencies of state assembly rather than my constituency only .... I am not Mr. Mulayam Singh Yadav, who had diverted all the funds to develop his home area only.BOOK WRITING:
1. Bahujan Samaj Aur Uski Rajniti (October 2000)
2. Bahujan Samaj Aur Uski Rajniti, English(October 2001)
3. Mere Sangarshmai Jeevan Evam Bahujan Movement Ka Safarnama, three-volume over 3300 pages book, first two part of which was released by BSP founder Manyawar Shri Kanshi Ram Ji on 15 th January, 2006 on the occasion of 50 th birth anniversary of Ms. Mayawati Ji.
4. A Travelogue of My struggle-ridden life and of Bahujan Samaj, English, two volume book released on 15 th March, 2008 on the birth anniversary of Mamnyawar Shri Kanshi Ram Ji.
Reference Site: view
The Bahujan Samaj Party under the leadership of Chief Minister Mayawati organised a mammoth rally on April 14, 2003, for which over 5.76 lakh people had gathered at the 27-acre Dr Ambedkar Maidan in Lukcnow, U.P. About 5,000 heavy and 2,000 light vehicles were requisitioned to transport more than 3.70 lakh people. Over and above that, about 1.01 lakh people arrived by train. Some 30,000 people came from neighboring states and 75,000 persons reached the spot by foot. For efficient crowd management, the entire area was divided into four zones, which were further split into 19 sectors. There were 3,771 security personnel on duty. In addition, 30 Companies and two Platoons of the PAC were deployed.
Limca Book of Records 2006
India at her Best (Pape.195)
Former Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Kumari Mayawati Ji of BSP is the only woman chief minister of a State to be sworn in thrice in three contiguous Assemblies.
In the 12 th Assembly her tenure lasted from June 3 - Oct. 27, 1995; the second term in the 13th Assembly was from March 20 - Sept. 20, 1997 and the third term in the 14th Assembly was May 3, 2002 - August 26, 2003.
Limca Book of Records 2006
India at her Best (Pape.208)